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小学英语各种时态知识总结

小学英语 05-06 浏览量: 分享:
相关标签:小学英语知识

   小学英语学习中时态的学习比较重要,为了帮助大家记忆时态的有关知识,在线一对一三好网为大家整理了相关的时态知识。

 

  一、一般现在时

 

  主要描述经常会发生的动作、状态或不变的真理。句末常出现 every day/week/year/Monday , in the morning, 句中常有always, usually,often, sometimes

 

小学英语各种时态知识总结

 

  组成:主语+be+名词(形容词)

  I am astudent. He is tall.

  否定句:在be 后加not

  I am not a student. He is not tall.

  疑问句:be 动词提前到第一位。

  Are you a student? Is he tall?

  Yes, I am. / No, I am not. Yes, he is. / No,he isn’t.

 

  主语+动词+地点+时间

  We go to school on Monday.

  He goes to the park on Sunday.

 

  否定句:主语+don’t/doesn’t+动词原形+地点+时间

  We don’t go to school on Monday.

  He doesn’t go to the park onSunday.

  疑问句:在句首加do或does

  Do you go to school on Monday? Yes,we do./ No, we don’t.

  Does he go to the park on Sunday? Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.

 

  动词单三变化:

 

  1. 在原单词末尾加s , 如:like – likes

  2. 单词以o, sh, ch, s, x 结尾加es, 如:go – goes

  3. 单词末尾为辅音+y结尾去y加ies 如:study- studies

 

  二、 现在进行时

 

  主要叙述正在发生的事情。句末常出现now, 句首常出现look, listen

  组成:主语+be +动词ing形式

  I am reading English.

  They are swimming.

  He is playing football.

  否定句:在be后加not

  I am not reading English.

  They are not swimming.

  He is not playing football.

 

  疑问句:将be 放到第一位。

  Are you reading English? Yes, I am./ No, I am not.

  Are they swimming? Yes, they are. /No, they aren’t.

  Is he playing football? Yes, he is. / No, heisn’t.

 

  动词变ing形式:

 

  1.在动词末尾加ing. 如:play- playing

  2. 末尾有e 要去e加ing. 如:ride – riding

  3. 末尾以辅音元音辅音结尾双写末尾一个辅音如:swim-swimming

 

  三、 一般将来时

  主要描述将来要发生的事情。句末常出现next Monday/week/ year, tomorrow

  组成:主语+be going to +动词原形

  I am going to visit Ann.

  They are going to draw a dog.

  She is going to ride a horse.

 

  否定句:在be后加not

 

  I am not going to visit Ann.

  They are not going to draw a dog.

  She is going to ride a horse.

 

  疑问句:将be提前

 

  Are you going to visit Ann? Yes,I am. / No, I am not.

  Are they going to draw a dog? Yes,they are./ No, they aren’t.

  Is she going to ride ahorse? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

 

  组成:主语+will+动词原形

 

  I will go to the library.

  They will clean the house.

  She will eat breakfast at home.

 

  否定句:在will 后加not 或将will not 写为won’t

 

  I will not go to the library.

  They will not clean the house.

  She will mot eat breakfast at home.

 

  疑问句:将will 提前

 

  Will you go to the library? Yes, I will./No, I won’t.

  Will they clean the house? Yes,they will. / No, they won’t.

  Will she eat breakfast at home? Yes,she will. /No, she won’t.

 

  四、一般过去时

 

  主要描述过去发生的事情. 句末常出现last night/week/Monday/year, yesterday, ago

  组成:主语+动词过去式

  I was a pilot.

  They were busy.

  He went to the market.

 

  否定句:在be后加not,在普通动词前加didn’t 动词恢复原形。

 

  I was not a pilot.

  They were not busy.

  He didn’t go to the market.

  疑问句:提前be 动词或在句前加did

  Were you a pilot? Yes, I was./ No, I wasn’t.

  Were they busy? Yes, they were./ No, they weren’t.

  Did they go to the market? Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

 

  动词变过去式:

 

  1. 在原次末尾加ed 或d 如:play-played like-liked

  2. 辅音加y 结尾去y加ied 如:study-studied

  3. 辅音元音辅音结尾双写最后一个字母加ed 如:stop-stopped

  4. 特殊变化:can-could do-did eat-ate go-went hit-hit pit-put sit-sat come-came get-got have-had see-saw begin-began give-gave win-won read-read am/is-was are-were run-ran hear-heard hide-hid lay-laid cut=cut wake-woke fall-fell

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