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初中英语考试易错的题型总结

初中英语 05-10 浏览量: 分享:
相关标签:初中英语知识

   对易错句进行分析总结是查漏补缺的有效方式之一,可以使同学们的知识体系更加完整,对知识点的掌握更加精确,在考试时可以更加胸有成竹!在线一对一小好为大家整理一些常见英语易错提醒。

 
  1. You can not imagine how much I ______ on this dress. Is it beautiful?
 
  A. paid
 
  B. took
 
  C. cost
 
  D. spent
 
  [析] 答案为D。本题考察四个表“花费”的动词辨析。主语为人,且和介词on搭配的动词是spend。
 
初中英语考试易错的题型总结
 
  2. —Do you know _____ university student who is talking with Joe?
 
  —Yes, she,s my cousin, Kate.
 
  A. a
 
  B. an
 
  C. the
 
  D. /
 
  [析] 答案为C。university虽然以元音字母u开头,但其前若使用不定冠词时,则要用a。不过此题中不能使用不定冠词,而是特指和Joe说话的那个大学生,故要选the。
 
  3. The number of giant pandas is getting ______ because their living areas are becoming farmlands.
 
  A. less and less
 
  B. larger and larger
 
  C. smaller and smaller
 
  D. fewer and fewer
 
  [析] 答案为C。句意为“大熊猫的数量越来越少因为他们的生存空间正逐渐变成农场”。本题中四个选项都是“比较级+ and + 比较级”的结构,表示“越来越……”。主语为number,只能和large或small搭配,而结合句意可判断答案为C。
 
  4. Be careful when you come _______ the street,because the traffic is very busy at the moment.
 
  A. across
 
  B. behind
 
  C. between
 
  D. over
 
  [析] 答案为A。本题考察方位介词的用法。“过马路”一般为表面横穿,因此要用across。
 
  5. —Do you often clean your classroom?
 
  — Yes, our classroom ______ every day.
 
  A. clean
 
  B. cleans
 
  C. is cleaned
 
  D. cleaned
 
  [析] 答案为C。句中有every day,主语为our classroom,故要用一般现在时的被动语态。
 
  6. Lucy usually cleans the cage every two days.(对画线部分提问)
 
  _______ Lucy usually clean the cage?
 
  [析] 答案为How often does。对every two days提问要用how often(多久一次,表频率)。
 
  7. I didn‘t understand __________,so I raised my hand to ask.
 
  A. what my teacher says
 
  B. what does my teacher say
 
  C. what my teacher said
 
  D. what did my teacher say
 
  [析] 答案为C。本题为宾语从句,由于需要用陈述语序可排除B、D;另外,主句时态为一般过去时,则从句也要用对应的过去时态,故还可排除A。
 
  8. —How much ______ the shoes?
 
  —Five dollars ______ enough.
 
  A. is;is
 
  B. are;is
 
  C. are;are
 
  D. is;are
 
  [析] 答案为B。shoes作主语时,谓语动词应用复数形式;five dollars是一个整体,应按单数对待。
 
  9. We got to the top of the mountain in daybreak.(×)
 
  We got to the top of the mountain at daybreak. (√)
 
  [析] at用于具体时刻之前,如:sunrise, midday, noon, sunset, midnight, night。
 
  10. Don‘t sleep at daytime.(×)
 
  Dont sleep in daytime.(√)
 
  [析] in 要用于较长的一段时间之内,如:in the morning / afternoon, 或 in the week / month / year。 或 in spring / supper /autumn / winter等等。
 
  11. He became a writter at his twenties.(×)
 
  He became a writter in his twenties.(√)
 
  [析] 这句话应译为:他在20多岁时就成了作家。在某人的一段生活时间段中要用介词in来表示,而在具体岁数时用at来表示。
 
  32.We went to swim in the river in a very hot day. (×)
 
  We went to swim in the river on a very hot day.(√)
 
  [析] 具体某一天要用介词on, 又如:on New Years Day
 
  13. I’m looking forward to seeing you on Christmas.(×)
 
  I‘m looking for ward to seeing you at Christmas。(√)
 
  [析] 在节日的当天用on,而全部节日期间用at,Christmas是圣诞节期间,一般要有两周或更长的时间。
 
  14. I haven't seen you during the summer holiday. (×)
 
  I havent seen you since the beginning of the summer holiday. (√)
 
  [析] during表示在某一段时间之内,所以一般不与完成时搭配,如:I visited a lot of museums during the holiday。 而for表示一段时间,可以用于完成时,如:I havent see you for a long time。since是表达主句动作的起始时间,一般要与完成时连用。
 
  15. At entering the classroom, I heard the good news. (×)
 
  On entering the classroom, I heard the good news. (√)
 
  [析] on 加动名词表示“一……就”。本句的译文应是:我一进入教室就听见这个好消息了。
 
  16. In the beginning of the book, there are some interesting stories. (×)
 
  At the beginning of the book, there are some interesting stories. (√)
 
  [析] at the begining of(在...开始的时候) ,in the beginning(一开始)
 
  17. Im sorry. I have to get out the bus at next stop.(×)
 
  Im sorry. I have to get out of the bus at next stop.(√)
 
  [析] get in, 与 get out是两个相反的词组。get in 为上车,而get out为下车,但这里的in与out为副词,所以其后不能接名词,我们可以讲We'd better get in. 或Wed better get out. 还有一组词组有关上下车:get on/off(a train, a ship, a struck), get into/out of (a car, taxi…)
 
  18. It took them two days to walk across the forest. (×)
 
  It took them two days to walk through the forest.(√)
 
  [析] across 作为介词有两个主要意思:① 横过,如:I want to walk across the street。② 对面,如:There is a post office across the street,而through 多用于三维空间中的穿越。
 
  19. Can I write the exam paper with ink?(×)
 
  Can I write the exam paper with a pen?(√)
 
  Can I write the exam paper in ink?(√)
 
  [析] with后要加拿得起来放得下的工具,而墨水、颜料等原料则要用in。
 
  20. A lot of French wines are made of grape. (×)
 
  A lot of French wines are made from grape.(√)
 
  [析] made of 是指由原材料到成品过程中原材料未发生质地的变化,而发生了某种化学变化则要用from。
 

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